A company overview (also known as company information or a company summary) is an essential part of a business plan. Your company overview should be exactly what it sounds like: an overview containing all of the most important points about your company. It usually appears after the executive summary.
This is typically the shortest chapter of a business plan document, but that doesn’t reduce its importance. If you’re presenting this plan to people outside of your company, this is your opportunity to introduce yourself and your business, and you are going to want to put your best foot forward.
Imagine that the person reading your business plan document has never heard of you, and doesn’t know anything about your business. What should be their take-away? What do they need to remember about you and your company?
When composing this section of your business plan, focus on the highlights: who you are as the founder and owner, other prominent team members, your product or service, and why it is unique. Think of this chapter as the “who, what, when, where, and why” of your business.
Who is your intended audience?
Developing a business plan that suits your purposes means tailoring a subject to your audience. Sometimes that can mean eliminating a section that isn’t applicable to your current project. If you’re writing this chapter for an internal business plan, you could approach writing a company overview as a status update on the company. How did you get to where you are today? Who is currently in charge?
Depending on who is viewing and working with the business plan in the company, this chapter may not be necessary. However, an employee who is new to the company or project may appreciate some background information and context.
If this plan is for outside use or investment, consider the perspective of your audience. They won’t know your team, facilities, or legal structure yet—you want to fill in the blanks for them in a polished and organized way. Present your company like it is well poised to accept their financial backing and hit the ground running.
The company overview in your business plan will include the following sections:
Company Overview (or Company Summary): This is where you’ll briefly sum everything up.
Company History: Provide the back story, including date of founding, and who was involved.
Management Team: Details about who runs the company, and other key roles.
Legal Structure and Ownership: How you’ve decided to structure your company, and who owns what percentage of it.
Locations and Facilities: Details on your work spaces or plans to acquire them.
Mission Statement: A concise statement on the guiding principles of your company.
This is the meet and greet section of your business plan. If you were to eloquently write down your elevator pitch, you could put it in this section. Keep this brief, as you’re going to be expanding on what you say here in the next few sections.
This is the “Once upon a time…” of your business plan. The company history section will start out with when your business was founded and who was involved, and will go into a little of the backstory.
This section is going to vary depending on who this business plan is being presented to and what stage your company is in. Is this an internal plan? Historical data may not be essential. Is this a plan to seek funding? In that case, investors will want to know your backstory, and this section will allow you to provide some context for your business plan. Include how the company started, how it grew and changes made along the way. What led you to this point?
If you are an existing business seeking funding for expansion or a new project, the company history section is going to be pretty significant. You’ll want to make it clear that you have a strong track record of successful projects, weathering the tough times, and making good business decisions. Who did you decide to partner with? Have you launched new products over time? Made improvements on facilities or services? Streamlined operations?
If this is a business plan for a start up, you won’t have a company history per se, but you could use the company history section to give a concise description of how the founder or founders decided to start this venture. What was the “light bulb” moment? Who was involved?
The management team section of your business plan is your opportunity to paint a picture of your team and showcase their finest attributes. Again, for internal use this may not be applicable, though you could use it to highlight new employees being brought in or existing employees that are taking on some new leadership responsibilities.
If you’re a startup or looking to expand, there may be team members you know you’re lacking. In that case, make mention of what those roles are, and what your plans are to fill those holes. Include which people might currently be taking on multiple responsibilities or sharing duties.
If you plan to present your plan to a bank or other potential investors, this is critical data. Who are the leaders in your company? What qualifies them for their positions and inspires confidence? Be sure to include details about yourself, usually at the beginning. Work experience, past successes, MBAs, and other degrees can be referenced for each person. You want to showcase everyone in their best light, remembering that investors invest in people first and ideas second.
Legal Structure and Ownership
Related to the management team, you may want to include a separate section outlining the legal structure and ownership of your organization.
The legal structure of your business is important data for any funding source to have. Are you an LLC? A C-corp? An S-corp? A sole proprietor? In a partnership? This will also affect how you file your taxes.
Locations and Facilities
Use this section to describe where you’re going to do business. Are you going to be purchasing a building for manufacturing? A storefront? Do you already have a great space?
Explain the circumstances of your use of any space mentioned in this section. Include whether you own or lease, and what the pertinent terms of that lease are if you have one. Make it clear what the long-term plan is for any space that you have, or what your needs will be for a future facility. If you have a home office, include that here as well.
Be as succinct as possible when crafting your mission statement. What idea can you distill into one or two sentences that conveys the primary mission of your company? This might be something you want to create with your management team if you have one, so it conveys a shared long-term vision. Looking at some sample mission statements from our sample plan library can be a helpful start as you consider how to word your own.
For more information on the chapters to include in your business plan, and how to use a business plan to secure funding, here are some articles you’ll find helpful:
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