Also called profit and loss statement, an income statement is a financial statement that shows sales, cost of sales, gross margin, operating expenses, and profits or losses.
Gross margin is sales less cost of sales, and profit (or loss) is gross margin less operating expenses and taxes. The result is profit if it’s positive, loss if it’s negative.
For more, check out What Is an Income Statement? on Bplans, and How to Read and Understand Your Profit and Loss on the LivePlan blog. You can also download our income statement example as a PDF or Excel sheet.